island

The island

Minorca, in the Balearic Islands, is a peaceful, unique natural oasis, packed with contrasts to discover. It is a real paradise, washed by the Mediterranean Sea, that will seduce you with its harmony and diversity.
mao

Size

Minorca has an area of 702 km2, rounded by a coastline of 216 km, a distance from north to south of 47 km and from east to west of 17 km, being its highest point of 400 m.

Inhabitants

Minorca has a population of 87,000 inhabitants, concentrated in the eight municipalities in which it is divided. These are: Mahon or Maó, the administrative capital of the island, Ciutadella, the former capital, Alaior, Ferreries, Es Mercadal, Es Castell, Sant Lluís and Es Migjorn Gran.

Biggest cities

Mahon         27.669 Inhabitants
Ciutadella    26.972 Inhabitants
windmill

Climate

The island's climate is typically Mediterranean and is well known for its mild temperatures. The average annual temperature is between 16º and 17º centigrade. In summer , the average is 24ºC and in winter, 11ºC. The climate can be classified as "mild" and the cool north wind, known as the tramuntana, characterizes the Minorcan landscape. The average annual rainfall varies from one place to another on the island and is between 450 mm. in the south eastern region and 650 mm. in the interior and the north eastern end. The rainfall distribution throughout the months of the year is also very irregular. Thus, as in a normal rainfall pattern, the maximum seasonal rainfall is in autumn and very little falls in the summer period.

Economy

It’s born of the isolation and the need. He emphasizes the costume jewelry, today one of the principal island industries, recognized internationally in the group Sebime and the fair Eurobijoux, that every year assembles in Minorca the principal European companies of the sector.
Also the footwear that is made in Minorca is recognized internationally by his quality and design. They emphasize the lady's shoe and the sneakers, and a very traditional product and of manufacture completely artisan: the ”avarca”, the ancient and simple footwear of the people of the field. The ceramics, the identical cloths and the manufacture and restoration of furniture are other handmade activities of importance.

The tourism, without the minor doubt, is the most important sector in the economy native of Minorca, whose GDP overcomes the half of the general income of the territory. Several efforts are realized to promote the tourism the whole year, being from May until October, the strongest months.

tudons

Politics

Minorca belongs to the Autonomous region of the Balearic Islands, which Statute of Autonomy an autonomic government recognizes. Also, there exists an insular government (Insular Advice) for each of the islands. The Parliament of the Balearic Islands has the legislature.
The Balearic Islands are integrated to Spain, with a parliamentary monarchy, country that at present is governed by the socialistic party in a climate of entire democracy, which assures the calmness to the citizens and to the visitors of the country. The actual president of the Consell de Menorca is Joana Barceló.

Religion

98 % of the inhabitants belong to the roman catholic church. Althouth there are some centers for other differents religions.

Language

In Minorca are spoken spanish and catalan, in its native dialect "menorquin".
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